APR to EAR: What's the Difference?
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APR and EAR
If the interest compounds on a smaller time frame than annually (such as monthly or semi-annually), the actual interest paid will be higher than the APR advertised.
Factoring in compounding interest that happens within a year gives you a loan’s EAR, or Effective Annual Rate (sometimes also called APY, or Annual Percentage Yield).
How Credit Card Companies May Take Advantage
As a helpful rule of thumb, most credit card companies use an APR compounded monthly, whereas most mortgages use an APR that is calculated on an annual basis and is therefore the same as EAR.
If you are carrying credit card debt, your APR is already high to begin with, but your EAR is even greater than the stated APR, plus you may be charged additional fees for late payments!
Here is how to remember interest rate, APR, and EAR:
- Interest rate is the interest on the principal borrowed which does not factor in additional fees, and is usually stated annually.
- Annual Percentage Rate (APR) is the interest plus additional fees, stated as a percentage. This is stated annually and therefore does not factor in rates compounded on smaller time frames (such as monthly).
- Effective Annual Rate (EAR) factors in additional fees and whether the rate is compounded on a smaller time frame. An APR is needed to compute the EAR.